Terminologies Used in The Discipline of Leatherwork

There are numerous terminologies in leatherwork. The leather artist should understand these terms. He must perfectly know their meanings in order that he can be a chief or exponent within the field. A few of these terms in leatherwork are discussed.

Appliqué is a decorative technique in leatherwork whereby a minimize out design is glued to the surface of the leather and sewn round it. Antique is a decorative treatment given to leather. It includes the giving of the leather a mellowed impact for it to look like an historical piece.

Bakometer is a hydrometer used for figuring out the particular gravity of tanning solutions. Bazaar is the selling of a wide range of products in leatherwork in a shop or store. Burnishing is a finishing approach in leatherwork that includes the making of the surface of the leather shiny by way of rubbing its surface with a smooth instrument resembling a bottle, the disc of a spoon, etc. Blushing is the dulling or mottling of the finish of the leather ensuing from condensed moisture during drying of the finish.

Channel is a slanting reduce made across the fringe of an outsole or insole to provide a groove for the stitching and to keep the line of the thread beneath the surface of the leather. Checking is the separation of leather or composition heel lifts from every other. Crop is a side with the belly trimmed off. Crocking is the switch of end or color when leather is rubbed with a wet or dry cloth. Currying is a process of treating tanned hides with oils and greases to arrange them for a belting sole, harness leather etc.

Dyeing is an ornamental technique of applying a liquid colouring agent to the leather material in a decorative manner to create pleasing effects on the leather. Dubbing/Dubbin is a mix of oils and fats for stuffing leather.

Embossing is the creation of raised patterns on leather as a decorative effect. It can be completed either by heating the surface of the leather with a stamping device or by laying a cut out hardboard design and laying the leather on it. Exhibition is a public display of products with a view to appeal to viewers and buyers. Eyelet is an annular ring of metal or other material inserted in leather to provide a durable ring for lacing.

Goring is a woven fabric with rubber threads forming an elastic material. It’s used as an insert in footwear. Incision is an ornamental method includes reducing the thickness of the leather round a marked out design on a leather material by chipping away or reducing off, the same as with wood or different materials. In-laying is a decorative technique includes the slicing out of a drawn design (i.e. positive areas) and placing a new coloured leather piece under the cutout design thus, in-laying. The in-laid leather piece is maintained in position either by stitching, sewing or gluing. Lacing- This is the fastening collectively of a leather piece with a lace (a decorative open work that employs thread.)

Marbling is a decorative technique whereby a bit of leather is crumpled and dyes are sprinkled on it to create decorative patterns. Plaiting approach involves the braiding of strips of leather to affix items together. Quirk- A small triangular piece of leather used between the fingers of a glove.

Scorching technique is utilized on leather by first skand many othershing or tracing patterns, motifs, drawings etc. on leather then a metal rod or soldering rod is heated and within the sizzling state used to burn along the lines traced onto the leather. Score is a lower made by a flaying knife on the flesh side throughout removal of the skin from the carcass. Scudding- The removal of scud from unhaired hides by scrapping with a blade either by hand or machine.

Slat is a dried, untanned sheepskins with little or no wool. Slunk is the skin of an unborn or prematurely born animal particularly a calf. Skiver is the grain split of a sheepskin used for hat sweatbands and small leather goods. Shank refers back to the part of the shoe that comes under and helps the arch of the foot. Suede- Leather completed by buffing with an emery wheel to produce a napped surface.

Stamping- This is the creation of designs onto the leather materials utilizing heated stamps of various designs.

Stuffing is the process of incorporating grease in leather by drumming the wet leather with warm, molten grease and oils. Tooling is an ornamental method includes the creation of finely outlined patterns on a leather item. The leather material is moisture or made damp. The outlined pattern is created with pencil onto the leather item. A round sharp-edged tool which might be heated is made to go through the outlines to create the pattern on the leather item. Vamp is the decrease part of a shoe upper that is connected to the only real or welting. Veal is a big calfskin almost as large as a kip. Waxing is the application of wax on leather as a form of polish or finish. It may also be utilized to threads to strengthen them before they are used for sewing. Weaving is creating an interlaced design or pattern with different coloured strips of leather on a leather item.

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