Bhangra Dance

Bhangra refers to several forms of folk dance and music that originate within the Punjab area of India. The dance is mostly performed throughout the Vaisakhi festival that celebrates the harvest. Bhangra has a very energetic and lively tone and the dance is equally vivacious. The festival is celebrated with much pomp and fervor and the dresses worn by the male and female dancers are quite completely different from one another though each are a mirrored image of the joyous celebrations.


The Bhangra is said to have started by Punjabi farmers in the 14th or 15th century to celebrate the harvest season. As time progressed, the Bhangra became used in almost all major celebrations in Punjab reminiscent of weddings or festivals. The Bhangra is danced to the rhythm of a drum, known because the dhol.

One of the other accounts of its origin dates it to the 1880s as a community dance within the month leading up to the Vaisakhi festival. While the dance has now spread to not just Punjab in its entirety, however India and lots of parts of the world, at the time of its origin it was prominent only in Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gurdaspur and Sheikhpur areas of Punjab.

Sources of Inspiration

The dresses which can be worn throughout a Bhangra performance are very bright, bold and colourful to symbolize the joyful and celebratory nature of the occasion. Since there may be a whole lot of movement associated with this dance kind, it is very important that the dresses permit the dancers to move freely. This is why the clothing worn by the dancers are loose fitting so as to ensure that body movement isn’t constricted. Vivid shades generally imply different things. For instance, Yellow is used to represent sarson or mustard, green symbolizes prosperity and red/saffron symbolize the auspicious event itself.

The wearing of the turban by male dancers is very important as it represents the pride as well as honor of the people of Punjab. Women wear lengthy flowing garments as well as fine jewelry for magnificence and grace.

Style and Variety

The Bhangra dress is quite vivid and colourful and is quite similar to the clothes worn each day in Punjab though the hues of the clothes worn on a daily basis are lighter. The fashion of clothing worn by men when performing Bhangra is different than the type of clothes worn by women. Nevertheless, they share certain comparableities similar to color and fabric.

Bhangra Dresses for Men

These are the parts of the Bhangra dress worn by men:

Pag: The turban which is stylized in a particular way to be named the ‘pag’. It can also be highlighted with a Gota, or a broad lace.

Turla/Torla: An adornment on the turban that looks like a fan

Kaintha: A necklace

kurta: A type of long shirt

Lungi/Chadar/Tehmat: A decorated fabric that’s tied around the waist

Jugi: A waistcoat that has no buttons

Rammal: Scarves which can be worn on the fingers

All elements of the costume is made of light yet shimmery, silken material. The Chadar along with the Jugi and Pag may have embroidery or embellishments along their borders. The Jugi especially is without doubt one of the most heavily embroidered components in this total ensemble, reflecting the grandeur of this celebration.

Bhangra Dress for Girls

These are the parts of the Bhangra dress worn by ladies:

Dupatta: A scarf

Kameez: A type of shirt

Salwaar: Loose-fitting pants

Tikka: Jewelry that is worn on the forehead

Jhumka: Long earrings that dangle

Paranda: Tassels worn in the braid

Suggi-Phul: A type of jewelry worn on the head

Haar-Hamela: A gold necklace that is studded with gems

Baazu-Band: a cloth worn around the higher arm

Pazaibs: Anklets

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